Wednesday, January 15, 2020

Core Knowledge

Core Knowledge Using what you learned about brain development in Chapter 4, explain why intensive intervention for poverty-stricken children starting in the first 2 years has a greater long-term impact on IQ than intervention at a later age. A child’s brain development is very critical in its first 2 years. A childs brain develops dramatically during the first 2 years. â€Å"During the first two years neural fibers synapses increase at an outstanding pace.Because of developmenting neuron requires space for these cognitive structures a surprising aspect of brain growth is that as synapses form many surrounding neurons die 20-80 percent, depending on the brain region. † When a child is living in a low poverty environment it affects the child’s brain since the neurons are not being stimulated by their caregivers. Looking at a caregiver who does not interact with a child a young age the child will have less interaction with a person. This correlates with a child†™s IQ. When neurons are seldom stimulated they lose their synapses in a process called synaptic pruning.About 40 percent synapses are pruned during childhood. â€Å"About half of brains volumes consist of gilal cells which are responsible for myelination. The Development through the lifespan book talks about children who are adopted have a greater chance to better nutrition and health. The book also talks about stress. Chronic stress of early deprived orphanage rearing disrupts the brains capacity to manage stress, with long-term physical and psychological consequences. Reference Berk, L. (2009) Development through the lifespan. Allyn & Bacon; 5 edition. 2009

Tuesday, January 7, 2020

The Cultural And Religious Traditions Of The European...

In an eastern Mediterranean province, a group of pious individuals pray before the elaborate portrait of a local saint and hero, hoping the image will bestow upon them some semblance of safety and secure for them a good harvest and protection from the aggressive invaders who continue to threaten their lands to the south. The individuals know little about the movement stirring in the large city to the north, which seeks to remove the holy image to which they so ardently pray. From the west, rumors of a new Creed have made their way to the town, but the grand political and historical implications of this document are unknown the laity, who, illiterate, have never read the creed to which their church adheres. In such an environment, the†¦show more content†¦Though such controversies alone have many theological and religious implications, they can only be truly understood in the political and historical context in which they arose. Religious icons, or images, may include paintings, murals, portraits, or mosaics, which, in the seventh through ninth centuries, commonly depicted Christ, the likeness of a saint, or a particular scene from scripture. The dispute over the use of icons and religious imagery in the Church, and the nature of this use amongst the laity, began in the Eastern Roman Empire, or Byzantine Empire, in the late seventh century, with the movement against icons, or the iconoclasm movement, reaching its height in the mid ninth century. The use of Icons in Christian practice began in the Coptic Church in Egypt, and spread throughout the Byzantium Empire, developing into a vital form of religious education and communication for the laity throughout the East. Those who opposed religious iconography, did so on the basis of scripture, as the practice of icon use was clearly condemned in Old Testament text. As the use of every religious icon could not be explicitly regulated, it was difficult for religio us and imperial authorities to determine how such icons were used by the public. Thus, as it was unknown whether the laity prayed before or to the icons in their community, all religious icons were removed to prevent the risk of unorthodoxy and the potential practice of idolatry (Brubaker et al., 2011). The

Monday, December 30, 2019

Charles Sieberts Article, An Elephant Crackup - 1321 Words

Communication within a society is imperative for a society’s long-lasting existence. Communication helps generate a durable foundation for a structured and organized society. The most robust and advanced societies have intricate communications systems in which people within are able to cooperate with one another and intercommunicate. Each society and culture has their own way of domestic communication. In Charles Siebert’s article, An Elephant Crackup?, he discusses about the elephant culture and how it functions and communicates within their society, and the emotional aspects which surround the culture. However, more advanced cultures will inevitably expand their influence and seep into others. Ethan Watters’, The Mega-Marketing of Depression in Japan, reveals this to us by showing how pharmaceutical companies exploited their power to influence more susceptible cultures, such as Japan at that time. From past to present day cultures have always been in contact an d interacting with each other. Examples of how these cultures interact or communicate come through by expressing empathy, marketing, and through economic gain, or trading. These interactions between cultures allow for cultures to be understood better and form an accord. The main measure to communicate ideas is across cultures is through emotions, especially empathy. In Siebert’s article, An Elephant Crackup?, he examines elephant culture and how it is strikingly similar to human culture. He compares how elephants

Saturday, December 21, 2019

The Story Map Of Home - 2007 Words

The story Map of Home gives insight into the lives of a family that has been pushed out of their home that now must travel to different country’s as refugees. One of the points of conflict in the book is based on the us vs them dichotomy which is based on the notion of fear of others and fear of reaction. This situation has caused a fracture between the refugees and the country’s taking them in. In this paper one will also see how this conflict relates the situation in Paris and also argue the position of whether it is right to justify action based on fear. This is problematic because this process deems ignorance, fear and pride as an acceptable way of approaching a situation when it should be approached with kindness, and respect†¦show more content†¦The attack has fractured the relationship between nations and refuges which has caused a dire problem for [refugees] â€Å"a person who flees for refuge or safety, especially to a foreign country, as in time of political upheaval, war† ( all over the world. Many countries are closing their doors on refugees based on the notion of fear and what if. For example, What if we get bomb or threatened? What if the refuges are terrorist? This notion is based on fear and fear of others, which instills a fear of rejection to those looking for help. The most difficult part about this conflict is that the questions being asked are important to the security of the country. Most of the people that are refugees are running away from the same terrorist group that attacked Paris. When we react with an emotion reaction like fear and enclose oneself from the problem we are rejecting the refugees and we are falling in to the us vs, them dichotomy. [Dichotomy] â€Å"Division into two mutually exclusive, opposed, or contradictory groups† ( Were we are pitted against each other and neither wanting to risk the lives of the ones held dear. To solve this problem one needs to approach both dichotomies with a better solution, which doesn’t, put both parties at risk or against each other. In the book Map Of home, a public and personal account of the conflict between Israel and Palestine is told. The conflict left many

Friday, December 13, 2019

Mining Industry Overview Free Essays

Mining? Industry? Overview? Boyi? Xie? March? 5,? 2012? Michael? Porter’s? Five? Forces? Outline? †¢? †¢? †¢? †¢? †¢? †¢? †¢? Products? Suppliers/Customers? Industry? Compe? tors? Cost? Revenue? ? pro? t? Overall? trends? Other? factors? Products? †¢? †¢? †¢? †¢? †¢? †¢? †¢? †¢? †¢? †¢? †¢? Aluminum? Copper? Lead? Zinc? Gold? Silver? Uranium? oxide? Diamonds? Stainless? Steel? Materials? Iron? Ore? Coal? Aluminum? Zinc? Copper? Gold? Iron? ore? Diamond? Marketing? ? Customers? †¢? Marke? ng? centers? of? mining? companies? †¢? Sell? products? at? the? most? advantageous? price? to? make? the? most? of? their? intrinsic? value? ? Act? as? a? source? of? specialist? exper? se? †¢? Iden? fy? value? opportuni? es? †¢? Customer? service:? †¢? Technical? assistance? †¢? Transporta? on,? e. g.? BHP? Shipping,? Rio? Tinto? Marine? †¢? Customers? †¢? Jewelry ? makers. We will write a custom essay sample on Mining Industry Overview or any similar topic only for you Order Now ? E. g.? gold,? silver? and? diamonds? †¢? Manufacturing/construc? on? companies.? †¢? E. g? Hyundai? Steel? †¢? Government? †¢? Other? retailers? BHP? Billiton? †¢? BHP? Billiton? is? a? global? mining,? oil? and? gas? company? headquartered? in? Melbourne,? Australia? and? with? a? major? management? o? ce? in? London,? UK.? It? is? the? world’s? largest? mining? company? measured? by? evenue.? †¢? BHP? Billiton? was? created? in? 2001? through? the? merger? of? the? Australian? Broken? Hill? Proprietary? Company? Limited? (BHP)? and? the? Anglo? Dutch? Billiton? plc.? (Billiton? origins? stretch? back? to? 1860)? †¢? It? is? now? a? dual? listed? company? in? Australian? Securi? es? Exchange? and? London? Stock? Exchange.? †¢? It? operates? a? wide? variety? of? mining? and? processing? opera? ons? in? 25? countries,? employing? approximately? 41,000? people.? †¢? It? has? opera? ons? on:? aluminum,? diamonds,? iron? ore,? petrol eum,? stainless? steel,? uranium,? etc.? †¢? Mines? in:? Algeria,? Australia,? Brazil,? Canada,? South? Africa,? USA? Rio? Tinto? †¢? Rio? Tinto,? now? headquartered? in? London,? UK? (and? Brisbane,? Australia),? was? founded? in? 1873,? when? a? mul? na? onal? consor? um? of? investors? purchased? a? mine? complex? on? the? Rio? Tinto? river,? in? Huelva,? Spain.? †¢? It? is? now? a? dual? listed? company? in? Australian? Securi? es? Exchange? and? London? Stock? Exchange.? †¢? It? is? one? the? world? leaders? in? the? produc? on? of? aluminum,? iron? ore,? copper,? uranium,? coal? and? diamonds.? †¢? It? also? has? signi? cant? opera? ons? in? re? ning,? par? cularly? for? e? ning? bauxite? and? iron? ore.? †¢? It? has? opera? ons? on? six? con? nents? but? is? mainly? concentrated? in? Australia? and? Canada.? Vale? †¢? Vale? is? a? Brazilian? mul? na? onal? diversi? ed? metals? and? mining? corpora? on? and? one? of? the? largest? logis? cs? operators? in? Brazil.? †¢? It’s? the? largest? producers? of ? iron? ore,? pellets,? and? second? largest? nickel;? other? products? include? manganese,? ferroalloys,? copper,? bauxite,? aluminum.? †¢? It’s? listed? on? stock? exchanges? of? Sao? Paulo,? New? York,? Paris,? Hong? Kong? and? Madrid.? †¢? It’s? also? the? corpora? on? with? the? ost? â€Å"contempt? for? the? environment? and? human? rights†? and? was? named? world’s? most? evil? company.? @8+8+%*1(9’+8$)%#’. $%*1+08+2$,%01%1209$/31/(%0#$% 1. $/’44%(‘/;$06%’)%*1+)2($/%)$*01/)%,$9$+,’+0%1+% ,$(‘+,%3/1(%,$. $419$,%$*1+1(8$)%)0/24$,%01% /$*1. $/:%A#84$%0#$%8+,2)0/5%? ‘)%#80%#’/,%75%0#$%417’4% *†. â€Å"3!. ,)3’! %! %8)7! â€Å"! â€Å"2)3174. â€Å"! +%)0. 9+),+#)0+)’+$'†) ‘+,%1+$%7$51+,:% Global? Indices? Global indices (February 1989=1) 9 †¢? Mining? companies? have? con? nued? to? outperform? the? overall? market.? †¢? While? the ? industry? was? hit? hard? by? the? global nancial? crisis,? mining? ompanies? have? led? the? return? and? gone? beyond. 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 Dow Jones FTSE HSBC Global Mining Index Source: Bloomberg. BCDC%)’? %/$’4%0$+)81+%8+%0#$%(‘/;$0%’)%/1? 0#% /$712+,$,6%133)$0%75%’%+2(7$/%13%8+*8,$+0)%0#’0%;$90% Global? Indices? â€Å"#$%'(#)*+)*,-. %)/0 -. $/%0#$%*12/)$%13%0#$%4†²)0%5$’/6%417’4%$*1+1(8*%’+,% 914808*’4%0/$+,)%#’. $%*#’+$,%0#$%8+,2)0/5:%†#$%(8+8+% !†#$%'()*†#%)! %+,-)! â€Å"). )†+/)+’. ). â€Å"#)0+’+)! %)†1)$'†! â€Å"2) 7’*;:%$*081+)%? #84$%)29945%/$(‘8+)%*1+)0/’8+$,6% ?80#%*#’44$+$)%)2*#%’)%,$*48+8+%/’,$%’+,%(1/$% $(10$%41*’081+):%†#$%*1)0%*2/. $%#’)%)#830$,%296% *1+08+28+%01%920%9/$))2/$%1+%0#$%8+,2)0/5%01%(à ¢â‚¬Ëœ8+0’8+% *†. â€Å"3!. ,)#! %3! 4,! â€Å"+5)6+/)4,. (+’%). ‘+)+7+’2! â€Å"2). â€Å"#)0+) 8+,2)0/5%8)%/$*$8. 8+%(1/$%’00$+081+%3/1(%80)%(‘+5%’+,% .’/8$,%)0†²;$#14,$/):%! â€Å"#$%’#$†($)†*%#+%8+%0#$%(8+8+% 8+,2)0/5: †¢? Emerging? countries? con? nued? to? storm? ahead,? with? demand? for? resources? driven? by? strong? GDP? growth,? including? close? to? 10%? growth? in? China. †¢? Mining? market? capitaliza? on? con? nued? to? rebound? in? 2010,? with? many? players? recovering? the? remaining? market? capitaliza? on? lost? uring? the? global nancial? crisis? and? surpassing? the? level? seen? at? the? end? of? 2007.? 1%#/+)*,-(%,2#3 @8+8+%*1(9’+8$)%#’. $%*1+08+2$,%01%1209$/31/(%0#$% 1. $/’44%(‘/;$06%’)%*1+)2($/%)$*01/)%,$9$+,’+0%1+% ,$(‘+,%3/1(%,$. $419$,%$*1+1(8$)%)0/24$,%01% /$*1. $/:%A#84$%0#$%8+,2)0/5%? ‘)%#80%#’/ ,%75%0#$%417’4% *†. â€Å"3!. ,)3’! %! %8)7! â€Å"! â€Å"2)3174. â€Å"! +%)0. 9+),+#)0+)’+$'†) ‘+,%1+$%7$51+,:% †¢? The? total? year? end? market? capitaliza? on? of? the? top? 40? companies? increased? by? 26%,? with? larger? gains? generally? achieved? by? the? smaller? companies. Global indices (February 1989=1) 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 Dow Jones FTSE HSBC Global Mining Index Source: Bloomberg. BCDC%)’? %/$’4%0$+)81+%8+%0#$%(‘/;$0%’)%/1? 0#% /$712+,$,6%133)$0%75%’%+2(7$/%13%8+*8,$+0)%0#’0%;$90% *’2081+%’+,%/8);%1+%0#$%’$+,’:%? @? ‘. /$! 3# 3/+030. 3.! 3#$! A $’$/%0* 3/+030. A. /,+B! $ Top 40 TS 100 250% 50 Coal India PotashCorp Barrick Gold FreeportMcMoRan Anglo American Xstrata China Shenhua 0 Rio Tinto 200% Vale †¢? The? big? get? bigger.? They? are? also? diversifying? in? other? direc? on s.? For? instance,? some? have? begun? exploring? the? bene? ts? f? ver? cal? integra? on? in? an? anempt? to? control? the? en? re? commodity? value? chain? –? from? coal? mining? to? steel? produc? on? to? power? genera? on.? 150 BHP Billiton †¢? New? entrant:? Coal? India.? Following? its? IPO? in? October? 2010,? it’s? the? largest? new? entrant.? 5$/! â€Å". 3 (#. A(! ‘ 3#$! ($)3 150% 100% 2009 2010 Source: Capital IQ. Note:? EBITDA:? earnings? before? interests,? taxes,? deprecia? on,? and? amor? za? on? 9%. #1:. %7%2;-201$? @?! ! (3*+!. 23! 5$/! -. /! 3#$! ‘0*0*%! 0*+2(3/57! R)/. ((! 3#$! â€Å". 1! G?! 3#$/$! A(! ! 50% 0% Source: B â€Å"#$%'($)%*+,-)%. $(%-‘. -. 0+%1232%4$%)’4%5#$%567%5#/$$%(0+$/)%89:;%90)G#’H 9##? â€Å"@)*+†A. +6;),†*5(â€Å"*88/)8*0)†A*+6),† were? announced? during? the? ;B†*5(â€Å"=CB†1481)/†01*5†³01)†9/,0†³1*+#? â€Å"D5†³*5† â€Å"(2/. $%2(2@. /%†0#†1’/2%). %**3/*%;/0%†1/2? /3/ ?rst? half? of? 2011.? .7B(*C/3;C%)7858%). 577B%). (* C/3 ;;’? â€Å"E. â€Å"F60†³014,†450. â€Å"F)/,F)704A)$†7. 5,4()/†01*0† †¢? Deals? volumes? and? aggregate? â€Å"(2/. 0#†1’/2’%/7855;C/$12(/2;4/%3#E+,-();C/ â€Å". JK? † values? were? 10%? and? 25%? 1 80 ,000 3,000 Announced Date Target Target Description Target Headquarters Transaction Value (millions) Target Resource Type !$%%#'(#%$#)*’+,*#-. /. /0#12,*3 2011? 1H? Top? 10? Global? Mining? Deals Acquirer 01/28/2011 Massey Energy Corporation Massey Energy Company, through its wholly owned subsidiary, A. T. Massey Coal Company, Inc. , produces, processes, and sells bituminous coal primarily in the United States. United States US$8,500 Coal Alpha Natural Resources, Incorporated 04/24/2011 Equinox Minerals Limited Equinox Minerals Limited engages in the mining and exploration of mineral properties. Australia C$7,300 Copper Barrick Gold Corporation Announced 01/11/2011 Date Target Consolidated Thompson Iron Mines Limited Target Description Consolidated Thompson Iron Mines Limited, a mining company, engages in the exploration and development of mineral properties in Canada. Target Canada Headquarters Transaction C$4,900 Value (millions) Target Steel Resource Type Acquirer Cliffs Natural Resources Incorporated 05/02/2011 01/28/2011 US$3,400 US$8,500 Coal Coal Kazakhstan US$3,200 Zinc 04/24/2011 Equinox Minerals Limited Australia C$7,300 Copper 06/10/2011 01/11/2011 PT Bumi Resources Consolidated Thompson Minerals Tbk Iron Mines Limited International Coal Group, Inc. produces coal in northern and central Massey Energy Company, through States. owned subsidiary, A. T. Massey Appalachian regions of the United its wholly Coal Company, Inc. , produces, processes, and sells bituminous coal primarily iKazzinc JSC States. produces zinc with copper, precious metals, and lead n the United primarily credits in Kazakhstan. Equinox Minerals Limited engages in the mining and exploration of mineral properties. PT Bumi Resources Minerals Tbk, through its subsidiaries, engages in the Consolidated Thompson Iron Mines Limited, a mining Indonesia and in west exploration and development of mineral properties in company, engages in the exploration and development of mineral properties in Canada. Africa. United States United States 04/14/2011 International Coal Group, Massey Energy Incorporated Corporation KazzInc Indonesia Canada US$2,100 C$4,900 Diversi? ed Steel and Metals Mining 02/03/2011 05/02/2011 Fronteer Gold International Coal Group, Incorporated Incorporated Fronteer Gold Inc. engages in the acquisition, exploration, and development of International Coalproperties in producesthe United States, and Turkey. mineral resource Group, Inc. Canada, coal in northern and central Appalachian regions of the United States. Canada United States C$2,300 US$3,400 Gold Coal Arch Coal Alpha Natural Incorporated Resources, IGlencore ncorporated International p Barrick Gold Corporation Bumi plc Cliffs Natural Resources Incorporated Newmont Min Arch Coal Corporation Incorporated 04/14/2011 03/02/2011 KazzInc Companhia Brasileira de Metalurgia e Mineracao Kazzinc JSCBrasileira de Metalurgia ewith copper,engages in the extraction, Companhia primarily produces zinc Mineracao precious metals, and lead credits in Kazakhstan. processing, manufacture, and marketing of niobium-based products. Kazakhstan Brazil US$3,200 US$1,950 Zinc Diversi? ed Metals and Mining 06/10/2011 PT Bumi Resources Minerals Tbk PT Bumi Resources Minerals Tbk, through its subsidiaries, engages in the exploration and development of mineral properties in Indonesia and in west Africa. Indonesia US$2,100 Diversi? ed Metals and Mining 02/03/2011 Fronteer Gold Incorporated Fronteer Gold Inc. engages in the acquisition, exploration, and development of mineral resource properties in Canada, the United States, and Turkey. Canada C$2,300 Gold 03/02/2011 Companhia Brasileira de Metalurgia e Mineracao Companhia Brasileira de Metalurgia e Mineracao engages in the extraction, processing, manufacture, and marketing of niobium-based products. Brazil US$1,950 Diversi? ed Metals and Mining 06/22/2011 Vale Fertilizantes SA Vale Fertilizantes S. A. produces and supplies phosphate- and nitrogen- based inputs for the production of fertilisers and inputs for chemical companies in Brazil. Brazil US$1,390 Fertilisers and Agricultural Chemicals POSCO, Sojit Corporation, N Steel Corpora Holdings Inco Vale S. A. The Japan Oil and Metals Na Corporation Pension Servi 06/15/2011 Drummond Company, Inc. Colombian Mining Operations and Related Infrastructure Drummond Companys, Colombian Mining Operations and Related Infrastructure comprises coal exploration properties with probable reserves of about 2 billion net tons. Colombia US$1,524 Coal Itochu Corpor 06/22/2011 Vale Fertilizantes SA Vale Fertilizantes S. A. produces and supplies phosphate- and nitrogen- based inputs for the production of fertilis ers and inputs for chemical companies in Brazil. Brazil US$1,390 Fertilisers and Agricultural Vale S. A. Glencore Sojit POSCO, ICorporation, p nternational Steel Corpora Holdings Bumi plc Inco The Japan Oi and Metals N Corporation Pension Serv Newmont Min Corporation 2011? 1H? Top? 10? Global? Mining? Deals et ource Acquirer Acquirer Description Acquirer Headquarters Transaction Status (as at August 8, 2011) l Alpha Natural Resources, Incorporated Alpha Natural Resources, together with its subsidiaries, engages in the production, processing, and sale of coal in the United States. United States Closed per Barrick Gold Corporation Barrick Gold Corporation engages in the production and sale of gold, as well as related activities, such as exploration and mine development. Canada Closed l Cliffs Natural Resources Incorporated Cliffs Natural Resources, a mining and natural resources company, produces iron ore pellets, lump and ? nes iron ore, and metallurgical coal products. United States Closed l Arch Coal Incorporated Arch Coal engages in the production and sale of steam and metallurgical coal from surface and underground mines located throughout the United States. United States Closed Glencore International plc Glencore International plc, together with its subsidiaries, engages in producing, sourcing, processing, re? ning, transporting, storing, ? ancing, and supplying commodities to industries worldwide. Switzerland Announced Bumi plc Bumi plc, through its subsidiaries, engages in the exploration, mining, and processing of coal and other minerals in Indonesia and West Africa. United Kingdom Announced Newmont Mining Corporation Newmont Mining, together with its subsidiaries, engages in the acquisition, exploration, and production of gold and copper p roperties. United States Closed POSCO, Sojitz Corporation, Nippon Steel Corporation, JFE Holdings Incorporated, The Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corporation National Pension Service JFE Holdings, Inc. , through its subsidiaries, engages in steel and engineering operations in Japan. JFE Holdings Inc. : Japan Announced National Pension Service is a pension fund manager. National Pension Service: South Korea rsi? ed als and ng rsi? ed als and ng Nippon Steel Corporation, through its subsidiaries, engages in the manufacture and sale of steel and related products in Japan and internationally. Nippon Steel Corp. : Japan POSCO: South Korea Sojitz Corporation operates as a general trading company worldwide. Sojitz Corporation: Japan Japan oil, Gas and Metals National Corporation provides ? ancial assistance, technology development, technical support, stockpiling, gathering/providing information, mine pollution control, and overseas ? eld survey services in Japan. ilisers POSCO engages in the manufacture and sale of steel products in South Korea and internationally. The Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corporation: Japan Vale S. A. Vale S. A. engages in the exploration , production, and sale of basic metals in Brazil. Brazil Announced Itochu Corporation ITOCHU Corporation operates as a general trading company primarily in Japan and internationally. Japan Announced How to cite Mining Industry Overview, Essay examples

Thursday, December 5, 2019

Unethical Decision Making-Free-Samples for Students-Myassignment

Question: Write a reflection on how a team made an Unethical Decision in a Humanitarian Environment and how was the team input Collective Intelligence used to make this decision. Answer: Introduction Unethical decision in a workplace can be defined as a course of action that cannot be categorized as an act of good moral for a company or organization. Under an ethical dilemma, manager should stretch the truth and look for a big picture through using a holistic approach because the truth may differ. This type of decision is usually in the best interest of the ICRC and may be against the gut feeling or what seems to be right thing to some people. On the other hand, it may be for the greater good and to serve the big picture rather the impact of a project. In this case the team leader must trust and solicit ideas from team members and make a decision that may not be comfortable with his or her style. Thus, an ethical dilemma were the manager or a team is confused during a decision making process. For an example, our team sometime has to make a decision for which venue to use for training event a nice expensive hotel or a cheap venue at for ICRC participants. The fact is that most of our courses participants and clients are ICRC employees from challenging contexts thus having a comfortable venue promotes a better space for them to relax and reflect on learning and provides better atmosphere for participants and facilitators. On the other hand it was observed that training events in some hotels that are cheaper may cause lack of comfort for participants, more challenges with digestion, more expenses for water and transport etc. The other aspect in making such decision is the responsibility to donor funds and save donor money in order to spend it effectively. The idea is being frugal has its draw back on many elements of the training. Since training is an investment and it has returns it has to be managed well, its not an expense it actually provides ICRC with many returns that are tangible for the trained eye. Thus a teams decision in this case may be difficult to understand and at times making the right decision can be difficult to explain to someone out of the team while the decision is influenced by other dependable like procedures, security, other units, and season. Case study Our team was using a hotel venue at a lower price that was very reasonable but did not offer any facilities or an acceptable enough environment to our course participants; although staffs of the hotel were very nice, but the actual property lacked a lot of essential services and tools. A decision had to be made within the team, the team was divided some team members were against others were for the change, do we save money for beneficiaries and have an negative impact on our action in the field or invest entraining and training for good return on investment and a more coherent humanitarian response. Its amazing after dealing with stakeholders for a decade you become connected and its no longer just business transactions. Some team members thought that since the venue does well and promotes the community and VTC trainees we should stay there and consider asking them to improve gain. Although some team members had a very strong argument that got the team divided in the decision, manager took a decision to change the hotel and start somewhere new. The approach to making this decision required a certain amount of flexibility within the team. Some team members became emotional; others were challenging taking the role of the worrier. Conclusion Making a decision requires a manager to collect facts and manage the discussion between less fluent speakers and the more fluent or warrior speakers, and motivates even the slightest or inanest ideas. Only then you know as a manger you have thought and collected the intelligence of many to make the best decision for the ICRC and all the stakeholders involved. It can be said that there could be a few instances when a person or a team may take an unethical course when making a decision, but it is always advisable to think the situations through and come up with an ideas to suit the ICRC mission and vision. In the previously discussed case, it is clear that the manager took an unethical decision on a humanitarian ground but for the long term the team decided on a decision that favors the interest of the organization in the long term.

Thursday, November 28, 2019

Best Online Courses for Students †

Best Online Courses for Students The recent research has shown that nowadays students attitude to higher education has overcome a dramatic shift. Youngsters aged 18-24 studying full-time on a campus is not a standard model of student anymore. In our modern society people don’t see higher education as something unique and independent. Now we all try to combine it with jobs, travelling, and family. But still we try to do everything possible in order to obtain some degree in higher education, because in finding a prestigious position higher education is a must. For those who want to have time to do as much as possible, online education comes in handy. This way of studying is gaining popularity among all people of different age and social status. A lot of universities have different online courses where qualified teachers provide you with profound knowledge of your particular subject. Unfortunately, some people consider these courses a complete waste of time and money. Just because you have more conservative view s and got used to the old-fashioned way of studying at the university doesn’t mean that Internet education is only for lazy and unmotivated people. On the contrary, only advanced, active and highly motivated people give a priority to the online education and in this article you will see why it is so. Why is it good? In our fast-moving world and highly developed technologies people can receive a proper education everywhere and at any time. Online courses are extremely popular now. Let’s see why more and more people prefer this way of studying. Possibility to study at any time. The student who studies remotely can independently decide when is the most suitable time during a semester to dedicate to studying. He creates his individual schedule. Some educational institutions give students an opportunity to postpone studying for long term and to come back to it needlessly to pay again educational services. Possibility to create your own style of studying. Remote students don't have to worry that they will lag behind the classmates. It is always possible to return to studying of more difficult questions, to look at video lectures several times, to re-read correspondence with the teacher, and already known topics can be passed. The main task is to successfully pass intermediate and total certifications. Possibility to study everywhere. Students can study without leaving the house or office. To start the course you just need to have a computer and access to the Internet. Lack of necessity to visit educational institution daily is an undoubted plus for physically disabled people, for those who live in the remote districts or parents with small children. Combine studying with your primary activity. Online education gives you a chance to take up several courses at the same time or to get the next higher education. In this case it isn't necessary to take or to go to business trips. There are special educational organizations which will organize corporate training (professional development) for the office staff and civil servants. In this case study doesn't interrupt the seniority, and the studied material can be applied to work at once. High results. The research of the American scientists has shown that the results of distance learning don't concede or even surpass results of traditional forms of education. The remote student mostly studies independently. It improves storing and understanding of the covered topics. And opportunity to put knowledge into practice at once helps to consolidate them. Besides, the use of the latest technologies makes it more interesting and lively. Availability of materials. Remote students don’t face such problem as shortage of textbooks. The access to all necessary literature is opened to the student after registration on the site of university, or he may receive training materials by mail. Remote education is cheaper. If we compare internal and remote studying, the second will be cheaper. The student shouldn't pay the road, accommodation, and in a case with foreign higher education institutions it isn't necessary to spend money on visa and the international passport. Convenient for the teachers. Teachers and tutors who work remotely can dedicate time to the bigger amount of students and continue work even having a maternity leave. Individual approach. Usually teachers can’t provide their students with the descent attention during the class, but during the online education teacher will work with you individually and spend as much time as you need. Why is it bad? Of course, nothing is perfect and online courses have their own disadvantages, but they are not so terrible and you can live with them. The strong motivation is necessary. Practically the remote student masters all training material independently. It demands the developed will power, responsibility and self-checking. Not everybody manage to maintain the necessary rate of training without control from the outside. Lack of practical knowledge. Studying remotely the professions which assume a large number of a practical training is complicated. Even the most modern technologies won't replace to future doctors or teachers the "live" practice. Remote education isn't suitable for developing a communicative skill. At distance learning personal contact between students and teachers is very low, and sometimes it is even absent. Therefore such form of education isn't suitable for developing the communicative skill, confidence or team work. All in all, it is clear that online education is definitely a rescue for those who don’t have a chance to visit higher institutions due to lack of time, money or may be desire. So if you want to obtain a degree of higher education, you have an opportunity to do it even at home.